The Future of American Power
Dominance and Decline in Perspective
Joseph S. Nye Jr.
Summary: It is currently fashionable to predict a decline in the United States' power. But the United States is not in absolute decline, and in relative terms, there is a reasonable probability that it will remain more powerful than any other state in the coming decades.
JOSEPH S. NYE, JR., is University Distinguished Service Professor at Harvard University. Parts of this essay are drawn from his forthcoming book, The Future of Power (PublicAffairs, 2011).
Yes, our perceptions about the future have gone up and down through our history, yet people's lives went also up and down unless they counted themselves among the lucky/Ivied. Each time our common fortune went up, it followed some long period of pain and was the result of some major transformation.
Professor Nye doesn't say a word about the type of transformation ahead. He talks generalities and quotes selectively in support of his argument. For example, he counts us as leaders in biosciences, but then why doesn't he look at the flip-side, to the requirement for this? A lousy and expensive medical system whose results are half as good, for twice the money, as in other developed economies. Surely, the argument could be extended to his dear universities--compare $50k to quasi-free in annual college tuition. Oh, his list of where we are #1 is almost comprehensive, for if he added military and financial innovation, the list would have been complete.
What do these observations make me think?
1) That our being #1 cannot be sustainable under status qvo, even in a reduced number of areas. Indeed, for example, an overburdened and socially under-performing medical system cannot be counted on to keep going forever. The author's prescriptions amount to folklore.
2) That Professor Nye may be, well, a bit out of touch. I guess, they don't call some the Boston Brahmin for nothing...
No, China won't go up and higher forever; Yet, a question lost on the author is, How big China's economy needs to be to turn it into a challenger? Going into GDP or per capita comparisons is not as relevant as the author makes it sound. Switzerland may get higher grades on many dimensions, yet it is hardly a menace for the US.
Nor will we reach the bottom in free fall. More likely to happen is a world choosing between our type of capitalism and state-capitalism. If we overcome the political gridlock (à la Fallows/Nye), the two types of capitalism will converge. Meanwhile, texts like this are meant to put the middle class to sleep.
The Big Idea: Creating Shared Value
by Michael E. Porter and Mark R. Kramer
The capitalist system is under siege. In recent years business increasingly has been viewed as a major cause of social, environmental, and economic problems. Companies are widely perceived to be prospering at the expense of the broader community.
Alas, this has been written by:
* E. Porter is the Bishop William Lawrence University Professor at Harvard University. He is a frequent contributor to Harvard Business Review and a six-time McKinsey Award winner.
* R. Kramer cofounded FSG, a global social impact consulting firm, with Professor Porter and is its managing director. He is also a senior fellow of the CSR initiative at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government.
For the reader skeptical of my comment, let me quote from the article:
"Shared value is not social responsibility, philanthropy, or even sustainability, but a new way to achieve economic success. It is not on the margin of what companies do but at the center. We believe that it can give rise to the next major transformation of business thinking."
How many times has it been that we've heard such calls? Each time, they are similarly worded and meant to supplant government responsibility&action for a clean environment, sustainable societies and so on.
Now, allow me to state what the problem is with this: I have little control over how businesses operate, for they are subject to their institutional imperative of making short-term money. Arguably, the government is responsible to me. Do you see the problem? I can do little to nothing to influence business, I can vote every electoral cycle to keep the government honest. For those countering that we vote for business everyday with our wallet, I'd say, not anymore when you are in debt and/or the business in question is a monopoly. Moreover, if the behavioral requirement is not normative, as in a law subjecting all players to the same constraint, there will always be businesses trying to get advantage of not respecting otherwise self-generated social objectives.
So, the rule must be the same for all businesses, and the enforcer should be from the sphere of government/society, not businesses themselves.
Yes, I know, we don't do government, lest someone calls us socialist, but then why all the talk about business-this and business-that? To pacify us while waiting for the next bubble? If so, why not stop sucking on the damn rubber?